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太平天国运动注定失败?看洪秀全的奢靡生活就知道了******

原标题:太平天国运动注定失败?看洪秀全的奢靡生活就知道了

一个领袖的私生活和人品,是一个非常严肃的问题,决定了起义运动的成败。在太平天国刚刚有了成绩,尚未站稳之时,洪秀全的个人作风直接影响到整个领导层的风气。圣人有云:“富贵不能淫。”简单五个字,是对世世代代官民的衷心告诫,洪秀全所作所为已经不具备一个优秀领导人应该有的品德。

江南春梦庵笔记记载,在洪秀全的天王府之中,一共有2300名妃嫔,他征讨满清的过程完全成了搜罗美女的过程。这则记录成为了后人抨击洪秀全荒淫无度的一大罪状,其作者沈懋良曾言他和太平天国赞王蒙得恩交情甚好,所以对太平天国内部的情况十分熟悉。他写的这本书曾经作为考证洪秀全私生活的重要资料,被整理在神州国光社出版《天平天国》之中。

后来,著名的史学家罗尔纲先生曾经写下文章抨击这篇笔记,称此书为欺世盗名的伪书,所以洪秀全藏有两千多名美女的传闻就失去了可信度。即便如此,洪秀全的私生活可诟病的地方还是不少。

洪秀全的发妻赖莲英是一位烈性的女子,天京陷落之后,带着十万军民投长江而死。在发动金田起义的时候,洪秀全的老婆队伍已经扩充到了15人。永安封王之时,他又添了21名嫔妃。到了湖北武汉,他已经有了60位妃嫔。到了天京之后,洪秀全的妃子们已经达到了88人。要知道康熙在位那么多年,也不过只有67名妃嫔,洪秀全这反超速度还是可以的。

根据正史记载,洪秀全一共有88名妃子,而幼主洪天贵福在9岁的时候就已经娶了4个妃嫔。洪秀全在起义之初大喊“男子皆兄弟,女子皆姐妹”的口号,但是一旦被群众推向了权力的巅峰,就开始露出了自己自私和狭隘的本性。洪秀全1853年进入南京,到1864年,从未领兵打仗也没出过南京,他甚至在这些年一封诏书都没有写过。

洪秀全来到南京之后,已经没有了所谓的理想,他修建天王府穷尽奢华,曾经高喊着人人平等口号的天王,竟然在自己的朝天门外写着:大小臣子若是没有诏令不可进入。视自己为不可轻易相见的最高统治者,可笑他门上挂着的匾额还写着四个大字:天子万年。在洪秀全的“领导”之下,杨秀清有样学样,建造了高大的王府,三年在南京城中未出一步。

洪秀全在城中到底有多奢侈已经没有正史考证,但有一本英国人所写的《天京游记》详细记载了洪秀全等人的骄奢生活。他们对黄金有着极度的痴迷崇拜,就连龙袍上的纽扣也夜壶都是纯金打造的。杨秀清极为讲究排场,出门之时门口有成百上千名女子跪在门口等候使唤。洪秀全吃饭还要奏乐放鞭炮,用的是金碗和玉碟。这位英国人富礼赐来到天京时已经是1861年,距离杨秀清死亡已经好几年了,所以这本天京游记之中的大部分描写来自于民间传闻而非亲眼所见。百姓对太平天国的传闻已经如此奢靡不堪,可见当时洪秀全已经不得人心,被群众所厌弃。

三轮车侧翻老人被压 西咸公交司机和众人合力施救******

  电动三轮车翻倒,老人被压车下,路过的西咸公交1065路车长王磊与众人合力抬起三轮车,将老人救出。

  3月15日上午10点37分,西咸公交1065路车长王磊行驶至长安十二中站时,发现路中间一辆电动三轮车翻倒,车下压着一名老人无法动弹。王磊迅速将车辆安全停靠,向车上乘客简单解释,便冲下去和路人一起把三轮车抬起来放好,把老人扶了起来。看到老人头上有血,经过询问和简单的检查,确认老人身体没有大碍后,王磊才继续投入到工作中。

  王磊回忆说当时路上随时有车来往,救人要紧,没多想就赶紧把车停稳后去扶老人,其实也没啥,谁碰上了都会上前帮一把。工作中的他也经常帮助乘客找回丢失的物品,得到乘客的赞扬和同事们的认可。

  华商报记者 赵瑞利



来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:方正

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图解310:残特奥会今天开幕 看看这些“陕耀的星”!******默认文件1634891836809.png

Analysis: Four things we learned from Spain's Matchday 17******

MADRID, Dec. 13 (Xinhua) -- Real Madrid's win at home to Atletico Madrid in the city derby on Sunday night means that Carlo Ancelotti's side have effectively knocked the reigning Champions out of the title race, while Real Sociedad have also fallen by the wayside and FC Barcelona are in danger of humiliation. Here are some things we learned in LaLiga this weekend.。

1 Firepower makes all of the difference for Real Madrid。

Real Madrid's 2-0 win at home to Atletico Madrid leaves Atletico 13 points off the top of the table and effectively out of the title race and it is hard to see who can now mount anything like a successful pursuit of Real Madrid at the top of LaLiga.。

Once again Real Madrid's firepower and a series of saves from Thibaut Courtois made the difference in a game where Atletico had more than twice as many shots on target as Real Madrid, only to be frustrated by a man who used to play for them, while at the other end Vinicius set up Karim Benzema and Marco Asensio for clinical finishes.。

Real Madrid continue to give their rivals' chances before breaking their hearts and LaLiga is clearly theirs to lose, perhaps the big problems will come in Europe, where their rivals won't be quite as forgiving.。

2 Barcelona's new start looks like the same old story。

FC Barcelona coach Xavi Hernandez said after his side's painful exit from the Champions League on Wednesday that it marked the start of a new period at the club, but Sunday's 2-2 draw away to Osasuna looked like the same old story.。

Xavi once again gave starts to youngsters Gavi, Nico Gonzalez and Abde Ezzalzouli, with the last two scoring his side's goal. Samuel Umtiti also made his first start of the season as the coach struggled with a long injury list, while summer signing Eric Garcia was again on the bench.。

The youngsters scored, but Barca never looked secure and it was no surprise when 'Chimy' Avila leveled for Osasuna with 10 minutes to play. Xavi may be looking for a new start, but with his current squad and a long injury list any change will have to be slow。

3 Real Sociedad running out of steam。

Real Sociedad were leaders in LaLiga just a month ago, but a run of just one point in four games has seen their title hopes evaporate and their current state was highlighted with a painful 4-0 defeat to Betis on Sunday evening.。

Betis sit third in the table after four consecutive wins and with striker Juanmi, who used to play for Real Sociedad, in arguably the best form of his career, they brushed past their rivals.。

A tough Europa League group stage and a busy fixture list looks to have taken its toll on Real Sociedad, who have a difficult cup game in Zamora on Wednesday before facing an improving Villarreal next weekend in LaLiga.。

4 Goals win matches, just ask Athletic Club...。

Athletic Club Bilbao fans are still shaking their heads in wonder at how their side lost at home to Sevilla on Saturday after peppering the Sevilla goal (especially in the first half), hitting the post twice and seeing several guilt-edged chances go begging.。

Saturday was a repeat of Athletic's season, and despite plenty of solid performances, the Basque side have scored just 13 goals in 17 games, with just four in their last 8 games. After Saturday they have had 56 shots without scoring, with just two goals in their last 99 shots, of which 25 were on target.。

No matter how well you play, if the ball doesn't go into the net, it's impossible to win. Enditem。

赏花打卡好去处 世园公园400万株百合次第绽放

1.比利时FN公司打造高品质枪械的密码:从细节处实现超越

2.男孩在游泳场与家人走散 市民放飞无人机5分钟寻回

3.游客讲诉龙漕沟逃生:看到山洪叫人快跑 有人以为玩笑

4.既想当官又想发财的副部,在落实中央重大决策部署时也敢搞腐败!

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