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時間:2022-08-19 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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Germany coach Flick ahead of delicate decision due to COVID******

By Oliver Trust。

BERLIN, Nov. 11 (Xinhua) -- Germany coach Hansi Flick is far from happy, possibly having to make a delicate decision for the upcoming year.。

COVID-19 infection numbers are growing in international sports, and the German coach might have to consider only appointing fully vaccinated players.。

Around the 2022 World Cup qualifier against Liechtenstein (9-0) in Wolfsburg on Thursday night, the pandemic's effects caught up on Joachim Low's successor.。

"I have to think about how we deal with this topic," the former Bayern coach said after five of his players had to leave the team headquarters for quarantine after a positive test of fully vaccinated Bayern defender Niklas Sule.。

Serge Gnabry, Karim Adeyemi, Jamal Musiala, and Joshua Kimmich were sent home as first-degree contacts of Sule indicates and the quartet until now refused to be vaccinated.。

According to German health rules, non-vaccinated persons have to attend quarantine for at least seven days despite a negative test.。

While the German association referred to data privacy, not clarifying the players' vaccination status, increasing problems in football came to light.。

"I hope we don't face this problem again, having to send five players home due to COVID-19," Flick said.。

The German coach mentioned vaccination isn't mandatory in Germany. "But we all are role models for many people. For me taking the jab is the only way to control the pandemic."

A coach prefers all players to be vaccinated, he added.。

Flick might have thought about similar incidents possibly creating turbulences in the weeks ahead of Qatar 2022.。

While only vaccinated or recovered fans were allowed in the Wolfsburg arena, like in several German stadiums, employees in Germany can rely on the three-G model according to worker rights. They either need to take the jab, provide a recovery document, or a negative test.。

Like any other professional sport, football enjoys a prominent position, Flick said, setting a new starting record as a German coach. He mentioned football's responsibility after his sixth consecutive victory.。

Not only does the association need to make a decision but clubs such as Bayern Munich.。

The Bavarians so far only announced they favor vaccinations of their players but refused to demand it as compulsory.。

While German athletes competing at the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics are fully vaccinated, German club football suffers from several protagonists refusing it.。

Several clubs have to deal with players, not available for competition in the Bundesliga due to quarantine orders after being tested positive.。

Bayern will intensify talks with players about the topic. Media talk of club concerns of possibly having to run games in the Champions League without the best squad.。

Flick is annoyed by the turbulences after he was forced to change his squad and skip training sessions and team meetings.。

"We had other plans as we currently meet for the last games in 2021," Flick stated while his predecessor and 2014 World Champion coach Low enjoyed the warm applause of 26000 fans for his official farewell.。

The coach can't be happy about the latest development and Oliver Bierhoff's nebulous statement. The national team manager said: "We might have to live with the players' decision." As it seems, not only Flick has a problem with that attitude. Enditem。

Huawei reports 71.3 bln USD revenue in Jan.******

SHENZHEN, Oct. 29 (Xinhua) -- Chinese tech giant Huawei Friday announced that it generated 455.8 billion yuan (about 71.3 billion U.S. dollars) in sales revenue in the first three quarters of 2021 with the net profit margin at 10.2 percent.

"Overall performance was in line with expectations," said Guo Ping, Huawei's rotating chairman. "While our B2C business has been significantly impacted, our B2B businesses remain stable." Enditem

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双语热点:人类文明可以在地下生活吗?******

还记得《流浪地球》中的情节吗?地球表面温度下降到零下80多度,人类被迫离开了熟悉的地面,来到了地下。 特殊年代里“地下城”成为了地球居民的栖身之所。你是否想象过,如果地球真有一天面临灾难,人类是否可以永久居住于地下呢?

Can Our Civilization Live Underground?

Today, many overpopulated cities face serious expansion issues. They can no longer build up or out, so they build down. Some countries are investing in underground living, but only for short periods, where people would go, for example, to sleep after an entire day’s work.

如今有许多人口密集的大城市都面临着严重的扩张问题。这些城市已经无法再向上搭建、或向外扩展,只能往地下挖掘。有些国家已经开始投资地下生活设施项目,但只能作为短期使用,例如夜间休息。

But what if civilization completely collapsed on the surface due to global warming or a terrible catastrophe? Could humanity live permanently underground?

但如果由于全球变暖或严重灾难,地面文明被彻底摧毁,我们又该怎么办呢?人类能否永久居住于地下?

We need to understand much to answer this question, so let’s dig deep and see if our civilization could go full subterranean.

我们需要了解很多才能回答这个问题,所以让我们先深入挖掘,看看我们的文明是否可以完全进入地下。

Indispensable resources

不可或缺的资源

The first thing that comes to mind when thinking about the possibility of retreating underground is where we’re going to get water, power, and food. And while these things are necessary for us to survive, they won’t be enough if we actually what to live “down under”.

在考虑退居地下的可能性时,首先要想到的就是从哪里获得水、电和食物。虽然这些东西能保证我们生存下去,但还不足以让我们好好“生活”。

A lot of planning and supplies, a capable maintenance team, and seamless mechanisms to handle all the psychological issues involved would be good… for starters.

如果有充分的规划和充足的物资供应、一支优秀精干的维修团队、以及针对心理问题的解决机制,事情就好办多了。不过,这还仅仅是开始而已。

Power sources

能源

Suppose a disastrous event sent us packing underground. In that case, it’s safe to admit that any power sources we relied on while living on the surface are gone.

假设发生了一场惊天灾难,我们不得不收拾行囊、转入地下。可以肯定的是,地面上我们原本赖以生存的任何电力来源此时都已不复存在。

Plopping down solar panels might not be possible. Depending on surface conditions after a disaster, we probably wouldn’t be able to venture out to maintain them, and there’s always the chance that they wouldn’t get any sun, anyways.

将太阳能电池板带到地下恐怕不行。考虑到灾难发生后的地表状况,我们可能无法回到地面将其取回,更何况它们在地下大概率晒不到一点阳光。

At this point, our better shot would be digging down instead of up and trying to take energy from the Earth itself. We could take advantage of geothermal energy, provided by the heat of our planet’s core, extracted from hot water and rocks.

也许更好的选择是向下挖,尝试利用地球本身的能量。我们可以考虑利用地核热量提供的地热能,从热水和岩石中设法提取出这些能量、加以利用。

Water

Speaking of water, there’s no way we would be able to leave our bunkers to go fetch some after a cataclysmic event hit us. If the surface was hospitable enough, we could set up a rainwater collector, but that wouldn’t provide enough water for everyone (and who knows what’s in the water?)

说到水,在灾难发生之后,我们不可能离开掩体去取水。假如地表条件不算太糟糕,我们可以设立一座雨水收集器,但恐怕不够满足所有人的需求(况且谁知道水里含有什么成分呢?)

Luckily, underground we can find naturally occurring aquifers containing groundwater. This would work as a great source of water, provided we could purify it before consuming it and contain the source before it flooded us.

还好,我们可以在地下找到一些天然蓄水层。假如我们在用水前能够先将其提纯、并保证水源不会泛滥,这些蓄水层将成为绝佳的用水来源。

Food

食物

Stocking up on canned food and other non-perishable meals would be a great idea, but it would only last for a short while. If we could bring farm animals with us underground, that could work, but we would need a way to sustain them if they were to sustain us. But we can’t forsake the vegetarians!

储存罐头食品等耐放食物虽是个好主意,但并非长久之计。如果能将家畜带入地下,倒是能解决问题,但要想让它们喂饱我们,我们得先设法养活它们才行。更何况我们还得考虑素食主义者的需求。

Hydroponic gardens are commonly used nowadays and could be a valuable source of leafy greens, vegetables, herbs, and fruit underground. This agricultural concept would allow us to save space and water while still providing food with a high nutrient content that could potentially sustain us all.

水培蔬菜如今已经十分常见,在地下或可使用此法培植蔬菜、草药和水果。这种农业理念不仅省水、省空间,还能为我们提供维持我们所有人生存的大量富含营养的食物。

Sewage

污水

No one ever wants to address this stinky bit, but we would have to find a way to manage sewage and wastewater successfully. Simply letting it pile up somewhere around us wouldn’t end up well, as we’d get sick pretty quickly.

没人想和这些又脏又臭的东西打交道,但我们总得找到一种有效的污水及废水管理方法,不能任由它们汇集堆积到一处,否则我们很快就会生病。

Depending on the crops we plant, we might consider using the waste as fertilizer, but we would need some proper ventilation. If we managed to build into a mountain or somewhere that’s still above sea level; we might try to find a water source that could drain the waste away to the ocean (it’s not like we’d be worried about the environment after a total catastrophe).

取决于我们种植的是哪些作物,我们不妨考虑将废水用作肥料,但前提是保证充足的通风。如果我们的藏身地在山里、或者任何高于海平面的地方,我们说不定还能找到一处水源,可以借此将废水排到大海里。

Overcoming fears

压倒一切的恐惧

For many people, the idea of being confined underground can be terrifying. Not seeing the sun, not being able to breathe fresh air, not being able to get away in the case of a fire or flood, and even the idea that everything will collapse are some of the anxiety-inducing thoughts that cross people’s minds.

对许多人而言,光是被关在地下这件事就已经够恐怖了。看不到太阳,呼吸不到新鲜的空气,发生火灾或洪水时无处可逃,头顶的“天”甚至还可能塌下来,许多人都会被这些念头弄得焦虑不已。

Gunnar D. Jenssen, a researcher at SINTEF, in Norway, who studies underground psychology and space design, found that about 3% of people are severely claustrophobic. Still, there are some ways to counter their fears.

研究地下心理学与空间设计的古纳尔•D•延森发现,约3%的人患有严重的幽闭恐惧症。不过,这种恐惧心理还是有方法应对的。

“If you give these people something that gives them perceived control over the situation, they accept being in it. That is the key,” Jenssen said. He added that clean air and space are essential in these situations. Or at least a perception of space created by an illusion.

“关键在于,如果让人们觉得自己拥有对局势的掌控权,他们就会接受身处其中。”延森指出。他还补充道,干净的空气和空间在这种情况下至关重要,哪怕是通过幻觉创造出的空间感也好。

Jenssen worked on 4 of the longest tunnels in the world, creating illusions of space by adding well-lit oases with palm trees and sky illusions along the route. “You have a feeling of breathing space, a feeling of being outside, even though you’re 1,000 meters underground going through a mountain,” he said.

延森曾参与过全世界四条最长的隧道项目,在沿线设置了一系列光线明亮的“绿洲”,种植了棕榈树,还模拟了天空的效果,以此创造出空间开阔的幻觉。“尽管你头上压着1000米高的山脉,你却会觉得自己身在户外。”

Lack of sunlight

缺少阳光

The sun is our most significant source of vitamin D, and without it, we quickly become more depressed and irritable. But our “sunlight” doesn’t necessarily need to come from the sun. As long as we have a stable power source, we can use LED lamps that offer safe UV wavelengths allowing us to produce the vitamin D we need. Our crops can benefit from these light sources too! And if that doesn’t work, we can work our way around it by taking supplements or eating fortified foods.

阳光是我们最主要的维生素D来源。没有阳光,我们很快就会变得情绪低落、焦虑易怒。但“阳光”并不一定来自太阳。只要我们有稳定的电力来源,就可以用LED灯提供安全的紫外光照明,让我们可以合成身体所需的维生素D。不仅如此,这些光照对农作物也非常重要。而且如果这种方法不可行,我们还可以通过服用膳食补充剂、或是摄入营养含量更高的食品解决这一问题。

There are also some mental issues related to the lack of sunlight, like Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), where people feel more depressed as the days get shorter and there’s less sunlight exposure during the day. Fortunately, there are already some tools in the market that can help you cope with SAD, like therapy lamps that provide artificial sunlight.

缺乏阳光还会引发精神问题,比如季节性情绪失调(SAD):当白昼时间变短、阳光照射量变少时,人们会更容易感到抑郁。好在市场上已经出现了一些有助于解决季节性情绪失调的工具,比如提供人造阳光的灯具。

Underground living in the present

目前的地下生活

Many important parts of our daily lives exist “buried” under the ground, like power, information net works, water, sewage pipes, basements, tunnels, and subway systems. However, in some places, you can already find people who actually live underground.

目前,我们日常生活的许多组成部分都“埋”在地下,比如供电系统、信息网络、水、污水管道、地下室、隧道、地铁等等。但在有些地方,已经有人实打实地住在地下了。

Coober Pedy, a small town just north of Adelaide, in South Australia, is pretty much inhospitable. Temperatures can reach 50ºC, but that didn’t drive the residents away. It drove them down.

例如,在澳大利亚南部有一座名叫库伯佩迪的小镇,那里气候炎热、不适宜居住,地表温度可高达50摄氏度。但当地居民并没有选择离开,而是选择“向下”发展。

Singapore, one of the most populated countries globally, is considering building an Underground Science City (USC). This subterranean science community (40 caverns of labs and data centers) would be made about 80 meters below the surface of Kent Ridge Park and could potentially house over 4 thousand researchers.

新加坡是全球人口最密集的国家之一。该国正在考虑打造一座“地下科学城”,位于肯特岗公园地表下方80米处,由40座实验室和数据中心构成,可容纳超过4000名研究人员。

In the case of a total planetary catastrophe, things would be a lot different because there could be the possibility of never being able to leave. That scenario would require us to implement new power sources, food, water, and overall living. Depending on the time we had to plan, a lot of luck would also come into play.

但假如真的发生了全球性大灾难,情况又有所不同,因为我们也许只能彻底迁居地下、永无“出头”之日。在这种情况下,我们必须部署全新的能源、食物和水源。另外,我们还需要很多很多好运气。

陕西未成年人791亿元 将尽早制定《〈未成年人保护法〉实施办法》******

  10月29日,陕西政府新闻报道公司办公室举行记者招待会,详细介绍陕西未成年人保护工作情况。据了解,现阶段我省有0—17岁未成年人791.68数万人,将尽早运行制订合乎省情的《〈未成年人保护法〉试行办法》。

  对损害未成年人违法犯罪“零容忍” 3年案件审理损害未成年人刑事案821件。

  现阶段,我省有0-17岁未成年人791.68数万人,在其中农村留守儿童10.36数万人,窘境儿童81.7数万人。我省共确保遗孤4903人,客观事实无人养育儿童5971人。我省一共有儿童褔利组织 18家,未成年人援助保护组织 23家(单设5家),儿童世家1950个,儿童督导员1416名,儿童负责人20149名。上年至今,我省根据执行“明日方案”共康复训练儿童1218例次,根据“助学金工程项目”共确保遗孤接纳高等职业教育1896人数;依次资金投入中间和省部级资产4.5亿人民币,完成了对我省农村留守儿童,客观事实无人养育儿童,遗孤,遗孤在校大学生,窘境儿童等确保与关爱,未成年人的幸福感,满足感和归属感持续提高。

  在法律法规确保层面,陕西法院坚对损害未成年人违法犯罪“零容忍”,2018年至今案件审理损害未成年人刑事案821件,被判犯罪分子829人,重刑率达43%,对性侵犯多位在学校美女学生的黑恶团伙犯罪首犯徐某等罪刑比较严重的被告果断判处死刑;提升对未成年人受害人的关爱,创建化学物质援助,心理指导和感情关爱一体化体制。协同团区委,公安机关等单位,完善适合成人参加刑事诉讼法体制,创建性侵犯,校园暴力等关键难题预防体制,对运用照护,文化教育,学习培训未成年人从事便捷执行损害未成年人违法犯罪的被告,在依规严格惩治的与此同时,立即做出“从事严禁”裁定;积极主动促进创建文化教育从业者环境核查体制,从学员,老师,父母三个层面下手,提升安全意识文化教育;探寻担任法制副校的大法官参加院校教育惩戒体制,提高对违规违纪学员的教学实际效果。

  搭建更专业的未成年人保护保障体系。

  未成年人保护工作中是一项重大的惠民工程,是各个各相关部门的一项长期性的关键每日任务。我国将落实绿色发展理念,坚持不懈儿童权益优先选择,尽早运行制订合乎省情的《〈未成年人保护法〉试行办法》,搭建更为技术专业,更高品质,更高效率的新时期未成年人保护和儿童褔利工作中服务项目保障机制,提升未成年人保护法制化水准,依规确保未成年人合法权利。

  提升全局性策划,综合合理布局,总体推动,积极主动促进多方力参加未成年人保护工作中,搭建家中保护,院校保护,社会发展保护,互联网保护,政府部门保护,司法部门保护“六位一体”的新时期未成年人保护管理体系。进一步破译未成年人保护工作中重点难点难题。健全儿童褔利保障机制,具体指导全国各地民政以儿童友好城市基本建设为突破口,健全窘境儿童归类确保现行政策,推动创建遗孤和客观事实无人养育儿童基本上生活保障规范依照是社会经济发展水准动态性提高体制。提升对艰难家中的病重,残废儿童基本上生活保障和重点援助,提高窘境儿童褔利确保水准。推动儿童褔利部门抚养,诊疗,恢复,文化教育和社工一体化发展趋势。激励全国各地联系实际,健全公益性普慧儿童褔利保障机制,将大量儿童列入制度保障范畴,享有的政策褔利。不断完善市,县,乡,村(小区)四级关爱保护互联网,提升市,县二级未保组织 ,城镇(街道社区)未保工作平台等能力建设,选配强强村(小区)儿童督导员,儿童负责人基层能量,织织牢牢儿童“保护网”。

  华商报新闻记者 李琳。


来源于:华商网-华商报。

编写:报刊社方方正正。

四川水电大幅减发 到底是什么原因导致的?

1.驻美大使秦刚:佩洛西窜访台湾是彻头彻尾的政治挑衅和闹剧

2.图片报:因太老&年薪过高多特根本不想要C罗,这是在做白日梦

3.对疫情发生地临时静态管理,是必要之举

4.均价2.2万/㎡,顺义金港嘉园本周六第二次递补选房

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